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中考英语复习专题之一

作者:皖智研究院  时间:2020/11/7 11:29:24  点击量:538

中考英语专题之一:

非谓语动词归纳精选1

动词+ (not) to do

1. 需要做某事need to do sth.

2. 想要做某事want/woud like to do sth.

3. 忘记做某事(未做)forget to do sth.

4. 记得做某事(未做)remember to do sth.

5. 学习做某事learn to do sth.

6. 开始做某事begin/start to do sth.

7. 停下来去做某事(做的是另一件事)stop to do sth.

8. 喜爱做某事love /like to do sth.

9. 叫某人(别)做某事ask sb. not)to do sth.

10. 告诉某人(不要)做某事tell sb. (not)to do sth.

11. 教某人做某事teach ab. to do sth.

12. 是某人做某事的时候了It’s time for sb. to do sth.

13. 很难过做某事be sorry to do sth.

14. 没时间做某事have no time to do sth.

15. 最好做某事It’s best/better to do sth.

16. 做某事是好的/坏的It’s good /bad to do sth.

17. ★注意be动词后都+to do

18. …而不能做某事too… to do sth.

19. 尽某人最大的努力做某事do/try one’s best to do sth.

20. 准备做某事get ready/prepare to do sth.

21. 试着做某事try/have a try to do sth.

22. 不得不做某事have to do sth.

23. 等着轮到某人做某事wait for one’s turn to do sth.

24. 等着做某事wait to do sth.

25. 该轮到某人做某事了It’s one’s turn to do sth.

26. 轮流做某事take turns to do sth.

27. 希望做某事hope to do sth.

28. 做某事不成功fail to do sth.

29. 使某人做某事get sb. to do

30. 花费某人多长时间做某事It takes sb. some time to do sth.=sb. spend some time (in) doing sth.

31. 花费某人多少钱做某事It costs sb. some money to do sth.

32. 有足够的钱/时间做某事have enough money/time to do sth.=can /could afford to do sth.

33. 认为对某人来说做某事是怎么样的think it +adj.+ for sb. to do sth.

34. 发现对某人来说做某事是怎么样的find it +adj.+ for sb. to do sth.

35. 发现某人是……find sb. to be...

36. 能够做某事be able to do sth.

37. 计划做某事plan to do sth.

38. 过去常常做某事used to do sth.

39. 做某事是某人的责任It’s one’s duty to do sth.

40. 某人的爱好是做某事one’s hobby is to do sth.=one’s hobby is doing sth.

41. 鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth.

42. 确信做某事make sure/be sure to do sth.

43. 决定做某事decide to do sth.

44. 似乎做某事seem to do sth.

45. 使做某事对于某人来说……怎么样make it +adj. +for sb. to do sth

46. 拒绝做某事refuse to do sth.

47. 打算做某事be going to do sth.

48. 警告某人做某事 warn sb. to do sth.

49. 更喜欢做某事prefer to do sth.

50. 宁愿做某事而不做某事prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.

51. 被用来做某事be used to do sth.

52. It’s+adj. +of sb. (not) to do sth

53. It’s+adj. +for sb. (not) to do sth

54. It’s+adj.+ (not) to do sth

55. be likely to do

56. the+序数词+ to do

57. 疑问代词+ to do

58. 命令某人做某事 order sb. to do sth.

59. whether +to do

非谓语动词归纳精选2

动词+ (not) do

1. 让某人做某事let sb. do sth.

2. 帮助某人做某事help sb. (to) do sth.

3. 使某人做某事make/have sb. do sth.

4. 最好做某事had better(not) do sth.

5. 我们做某事好吗?shall we do sth.

6. 为什么不做某事?why not do sth.

7. 请你(不)做某事,好吗?will/would/could you please (not)do sth.

8. 禁止做某事mustn’t do sth.

9. 宁愿做某事而不做某事would rather do sth. than do sth.

10. 情态动词后都加do sth.  

11. can/could/may/might/will/would/shall/should/must/need do sth.

被动结构:情态动词+be+done

12. feel/see/watch/hear(感观动词)let/make /have(使役动词) +sb.+do sth.

★表被动,补上 to!

 

如何做动词填空:

1. 先观察有无非谓语的标志,若有则划出来,直接用固定搭配to do, do, doing 来做。否定直接在非谓语前加not

2. 若无非谓语的标志,则观察有无时间状语或根据句中已有的动词(was,put..)来确定时态,确定好时态后分析主语和谓语之间的关系,确定用主动语态还是被动语态。

3. 若无明显的时间标志则推敲语境,遇到长句要分析句子结构,去掉修饰成分,找出主干。

典型易错题:

1Lily spend as much time as she could practicing (practice) Chinese.

考查结构spend …doing… 而不是can + do

2The doctor will do all he can to save (save) the old man.

此句考查目的状语to do 的用法,而不是can + do

3The day all Americans look forward to came (come) at last.

此句考查一般过去时,而不是考查非谓语 look forward to的用法。all Americans look forward to是the day 的定语从句。

4The new mobile phone you are looking forward to was sold (sell) out in that shop yesterday. 此句同上句。

 

非谓语动词归纳精选3

动词+ (not) doing

1. 喜欢做某事like/love doing sth.

2. 讨厌做某事hate/dislike doing sth.

3. 开始做某事start /begin doing sth.

4. 停止做某事stop doing sth.

5. 放弃做某事give up doing sth.

6. 做完某事finish doing sth.

7. 发现某人正在做某事find sb. doing sth.

8. 记得做某事(已做的)remember doing sth.

9. 忘记做某事(已做的)forget doing sth.

10. 一直做某事keep doing sth.

11. 让某人一直做某事keep sb. doing sth.

12. 坚持做某事 carry on /go on doing sth.

13. 善于做某事be good at/do well in doing sth.

14. 继续做某事keep/go on doing sth.

15. 害怕做某事be afraid of doing sth.

16. 做某事怎么样?What/How about doing sth.

17. 谢谢某人做了某事thank sb. for doing sth.

18. 对做某事感兴趣be interested in doing sth.

19. 介词后都加doing sth.

★常见介词:at, in, on, for. about, from, beyond .against, between, of, with, without, towards , except)

20. 做某事有乐趣have fun doing sth.

21. 做某事很开心 have a good/nice /great/wonderful/fantastic time (in)doing sth.

22. 做某事有问题 have problems (in)doing sth.

23. 做某事有困难 have difficulty (in)doing sth.

24. 做某事有麻烦 have trouble (in) doing sth.

25. 看见某人正在做某事watch/see sb. doing sth.

26. 注意某人正在做某事notice sb. doing sth.

27. 听见某人正在做某事hear/listen to sb. doing sth.

28. 阻止某人做某事stop/prevent/keep sb. from doing sth.

29. 想要做某事feel like doing sth.

30. 代替做某事instead of doing sth.

31. 宁愿做某事而不做某事prefer doing to doing sth.

32. 期待做某事look forward to doing sth.

33. 幸亏做某事thanks to doing sth.

34. 习惯于做某事be/get used to doing sth.

35. 注意做某事 pay attention to doing sth.

36. 忍不住做某事can’t help doing sth.

37. 练习做某事practise doing sth.

38. 介意做某事mind doing sth.

39. 错过做某事miss doing sth.

40. 建议做某事 suggest doing sth.

41. 想象做某事 imagine doing sth.

42. 被用来做某事be used for doing sth.

43. 某物需要被…sth. need doing=sth. need to be done

44. 痴迷于做某事be crazy about doing sth.

45. 酷爱做某事be fond of doing sth.

46. 忙于做某事 be busy doing sth.

47. (很)值得做某事be (well) worth doing sth.

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