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2020年高考英语备考指导 ---高考英语作文热点+高级句型

作者:皖智研究院  时间:2020/5/26 13:58:33  点击量:602

01英语作文高级句型


1) 主语+ cannot emphasize the importance of … too much.(再怎么强调……的重要性也不为过。)


例如:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性都不为过。


2) There is no need for sb to do sth.(某人没有必要做……)


例如:There is no need for you to bring more food.

你没有必要带更多的食物


3) By +doing…,主语+can… (借着…………能够……)


例如:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.

借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。


4) … enable + sb.+ to + do…. (……使……能够……)


例如:Listening to music enables us to feel relaxed.

听音乐使我们松。


5) On no account can we + do…. (我们绝对不能……)。


例如:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.

我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。


6) What will happen to sb.? (某人将会怎样?)


例如:What will happen to the orphan?

那个孤儿将会怎样?


7) For the past + 时间,主语 + 现在完成式/现在完成进行时…. (过去…时间来,…一直…)


例如:For the past two years,I have been busy preparing for the examination.

过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。


8) It pays to + do….(…是值得的。)


例如:It pays to help others.

帮助别人是值得的。


9) 主语+ be based on….(以……为基础)


例如:The progress of the society is based on harmony.

社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。


10) 主语 + do one’s best to do….(尽全力做……)


例如:We should do our best to achieve our goal in life.

我们应尽全力去达成我们的人生目标。


注意:“尽全力”在英语中有不同表达。


例如:We should spare no effort/make every effort to beautify our environment.


我们应该不遗余力美化我们的环境。


11) 主语+ be closely related to …. (与……息息相关)


例如:Taking exercise is closely related to health.

做运动与健康息息相关。


12) 主语+ get into the habit of + V-ing = make it a rule to + V (养成……的习惯)


例如:We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.

我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。


13) What a + 形容词 + 名词 + 主语 + be!= How +形容词+ a +名词+主语+ be!(多么……!)


例如:What an important thing it is to keep our promise!= How important a thing it is to keep our promise!

遵守诺言是多么重要的事!


14) 主语 + do good/ harm to sth. (对……有益/有害)


例如:Reading does good to our mind.

读书对心灵有益。


Overwork does harm to health.

工作过度对健康有害。


15) 主语 + have a great influence on sth. (对……有很大的影响)


例如:Smoking has a great influence on our health.

抽烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。


16)nothing can prevent us from doing…. (没有事情能够阻挡我们做……)


例如:All this shows that nothing can prevent us from reaching our aims.

这显示了没有事情能够阻挡我们实现目标。


17) Upon/On doing…, …. (一……就…….) 


例如:Upon / On hearing of the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he couldn’t say a word.

一听到这个出乎意料的消息,他惊讶到说不出话来。


注意:此句型一般可以改为如下复合句句型。


例如:As soon as he heard of the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he ….

他一听到这个出乎意料的消息,就如此惊讶以至于......


Hardly had he arrived when she started complaining. 

他刚来,她就开始抱怨。


No sooner had he arrived than it began to rain. 

他刚来,就下雨了。


18) would rather do…than do…(宁愿……而不……)


例如:I would rather walk home than take a crowded bus.

我宁愿步行回家也不愿拥挤的公交车。


注意:此句型可以改为prefer to do…rather than do…句型。


例如:I prefer to stay at home rather than see the awful film with him.

我宁愿在家也不愿意和他去看那部恐怖电影。


19) only + 状语, 主句部分倒装 


例如:Only then could the work of reconstruction begin.

直到那时,重建工作才开始。


20) be worth doing (值得做)


例如:The book is worth reading.

这本书值得读。


02高考作文热点


传统文化


传统文化是近几年高考的热点,今年考它的可能性会很大。


假定你是李华,你校的交换生Tom对中国的民间艺术很感兴趣,本周五学校将要举办“校园文化周,请你写一封电子邮件,邀请Tom去体验编织艺术,内容包括:


1.提出邀请并简述原因

2.活动的内容(欣赏编织作品,如椅子、装饰品等;观看有关编织艺术的历史的纪录片

3.约定与Tom见面的时间和地点

4.期待对方的回复


参考范文


Dear Tom,


Here comes a piece of good news. The Campus Culture Festival will be hosted this Friday. Since you have a strong passion for Chinese folk art, it’s a great pleasure for me to invite you to join us.


The activity is scheduled to last approximately two hours, from 3:30 pm to 5:30 pm in the school hall. It covers a wide variety of content. Not only can we appreciate numerous appealing weaving works ranging from chairs to decorations, but also we’ll watch the documentary concerning the history of the weaving art.


In addition, some distinguished professors will be invited to deliver a lecture about how to promote the development of the weaving art, during which time you will be definitely gain a better understanding of it. By the way, if you are available, we’ll meet at three outside the school gate.


How I hope you can take my invitation into consideration! Your timely reply will be highly appreciated.


Yours,

Li Hua


冬奥会


2022年冬季奥运会将2022年2月4日至2022年2月20日在中华人民共和国北京市和河北省张家口市联合举行。这是中国历史上第一次举办冬季奥运会,是中华民族万众期待和将永远铭记的一次盛会。


2022年北京-张家口冬奥会将如期在北京和张家口举行。为了确保冬奥会圆满成功,组委会发起了志愿者招募活动。假如你是学生李华,希望能成为其中一员。请按要求用英文给组委会写一封申请信,内容包括:1. 个人情况;2. 自身优势;3. 服务承诺

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;


参考词汇:2022北京-张家口冬奥会 2022 Beijing-Zhangjiakou Winter Olympic Games


参考范文


Dear Sir/Madam,

My name is Li Hua. I would like to work as a volunteer for 2022 Beijing-Zhangjiakou Winter Olympic Games. I’m a boy of eighteen years old from a high school. My spoken English is good and I can communicate with foreigners fluently. What’s more, I have other advantages – I’m especially fond of sports, familiar with Beijing, good at communication and always glad to help others. I’m willing to provide the best service for every athlete in Winter Olympic Games. Therefore, I think I’m suitable for serving the Games.


I would appreciate it if you could offer me the chance to be a volunteer.

Thank you!

Yours faithfully,

Li Hua


5G技术与人工智能


人工智能与5G时代已悄然来临,随着科技越来越与人类生活相结合,随处可见的人工智能,让生活越来越便利的同时也带来许多的困惑,按要求完成一篇作文。内容包括:

1. 描述或畅想未来人工智能的发展状况

2. 分析这种现象产生的原因

3. 陈述利弊以及表明个人态度


垃圾分类


假定你是李华,你的朋友Eli对中国正在推广的垃圾分类政策很感兴趣,他想了解一下相关情况,请你给他写封回信,内容包括:

1. 上海率先实行;

2. 垃圾须分四类(干、湿、可回收、有害) ;

3. 公众反应。

参考词汇:垃圾分类 trash sorting

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


参考范文


Dear Eli,

Having learned that you are interested in the trash-sorting program promoted recently in China, I am here writing to give you a brief introduction. 


As far as I know, Shanghai has become the pioneer of our country's waste sorting policy. As of July 1st this year, the residents in Shanghai have not been able to dump their waste bags in whichever bin was closest.  On the contrary, domestic waste is required to be classified into four categories: dry refuse, wet trash, recyclable waste and hazardous waste.


Faced with the new rule, many citizens in Shanghai are finding it a little  complicated, with every item of waste now under careful scrutiny(examination) and classification. Still, there are more people who warmly support the policy because it helps people to cultivate greener lifestyle habits and helps China to become a more beautiful country. 

Yours,

Li Hua


疫情倡议书


假定你是学生会主席李华,当前新冠状病毒肆虐,请你围绕 “从小事做起共战疫情” 这一主题,给全校学生写一封英文倡议书。


要点如下:1. 倡议的原因和目的;2. 倡议的具体内容;3. 发出倡议。


注意:1. 词数150左右;2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。


Dear schoolmates,


Over the past fifteen days, the novel coronavirus has made its way around China. It has a strong impact on our life and study. Faced with the crisis, we students should respond actively to the appeal from authority and experts. In order to ease the serious condition, all of students had better do as follows.


First of all, stay at home and don't go out if not necessary. Be responsible for yourself and others. In addition, do wear masks while you are in the open air. As we all know, it can reduce the risk of contracting the virus. Washing hands as often as possible is needed, too. Most importantly, everyone ought to have a positive attitude to the campaign with the disease. Attitude is everything.


My dear friends, there may be a long way to go for us. Let's work hand in hand to overcome anxiety and do some bits. We have faith in the fact that tomorrow is another day.


The Students' Union

Feb. 14th, 2020



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